Jonathan Levin es torturado y asesinado por su ex alumno

Jonathan Levin es torturado y asesinado por su ex alumno


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Jonathan Levin, un popular profesor de inglés de 31 años, es apuñalado y asesinado a tiros en su apartamento del Upper West Side en la ciudad de Nueva York. Hijo del presidente de Time Warner, Gerald Levin, muchos sabían que Jonathan era rico. Cuando no se presentó a trabajar, los investigadores registraron su apartamento y encontraron su cuerpo sin vida atado a una silla con cinta adhesiva. La tarjeta bancaria de Levin no estaba en su billetera y se habían retirado $ 800 de su cuenta en el momento en que lo mataron.

La policía se enteró de la cinta del contestador automático de Levin que Corey Arthur, un ex alumno de la clase de recuperación de inglés de Levin en la escuela secundaria William H. Taft en el Bronx, llamó a Levin el 30 de mayo para concertar una reunión. Al parecer, Arthur y su cómplice, Montoun Hart, torturaron a Levin con un cuchillo de cocina para que les dijera el código de su tarjeta de débito. Encendieron la aspiradora y el estéreo para disimular sus gritos.

Arthur, arrestado una semana después de los asesinatos, afirmó por primera vez que había estado en el apartamento de Levin fumando crack cuando otros dos hombres entraron y lo mataron. Sin embargo, su historia perdió credibilidad en el juicio cuando se encontraron sus huellas dactilares en la cinta adhesiva. Aún así, Arthur negó haber sido quien apretó el gatillo del disparo fatal.

Arthur fue declarado culpable de asesinato en segundo grado y recibió de 25 años a cadena perpetua. Hart, a pesar de su confesión firmada de 11 páginas, fue absuelto después de convencer a los miembros del jurado de que la confesión le había sido forzada cuando estaba borracho.


Historia y cotizaciones de amp

En 1880, comenzó a funcionar el primer teléfono público de pago en New Haven, Connecticut.

En 1958, Charles de Gaulle se convirtió en primer ministro de Francia con poderes de emergencia en medio del colapso de la Cuarta República. Fue elegido presidente de Francia a finales de año en medio del surgimiento de la Quinta República.

En 1962, Israel ahorcó a Adolf Eichmann por su participación en el asesinato de 6 millones de judíos por la Alemania nazi en la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

En 1964, la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos prohibió las oraciones y la enseñanza bíblica en las escuelas públicas por motivos constitucionales de separación entre la iglesia y el estado.

En 1968, Helen Keller, una autora y conferencista de renombre mundial a pesar de ser ciega y sorda desde la infancia, murió en Westport, Connecticut, a la edad de 87 años.

En 1973, el primer ministro George Papadopoulos abolió la monarquía griega y proclamó a Grecia una república con él mismo como presidente.

En 1980, la Cable News Network - CNN - el primer servicio de noticias totalmente de TV, salió al aire.

En 1993, el presidente Jorge Serrano Elías de Guatemala fue derrocado por los militares.

En 1997, Betty Shabazz, la viuda de Malcolm X, sufrió heridas cuando su nieto de 12 años, Malcolm Shabazz, prendió fuego a su apartamento. Murió casi un mes después.

En 1997, el maestro Jonathan Levin, hijo del entonces presidente de Time Warner, Gerald Levin, fue torturado y asesinado por un ex alumno que sabía que era rico y buscaba dinero. El estudiante, Corey Arthur, fue declarado culpable de asesinato en segundo grado y sentenciado a 25 años a cadena perpetua. Su presunto cómplice, Montoun Hart, fue absuelto a pesar de una confesión firmada de 11 páginas.

En 2001, el príncipe heredero de Nepal Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev masacró a nueve miembros de su familia, incluidos sus padres, el rey Birendra y la reina Aishwarya, sus hermanos, el príncipe Nirajan y la princesa Shruti, y sus tías y tíos, el príncipe Dhirendra, la princesa Shanti, la princesa Sharada y Kumar Khadga. y la princesa Jayanti. Dipendra también se pegó un tiro en la cabeza, pero inicialmente sobrevivió y sirvió como rey durante cuatro días antes de morir.

En 2008, un incendio en Universal Studios Hollywood quemó dos cuadras de la ciudad y destruyó escenarios de películas icónicos, incluidos los de When Harry Met Sally, The Sting y Back to the Future.

En 2009, el vuelo 447 de Air France de Río de Janeiro a París se hundió en el Océano Atlántico, matando a las 228 personas a bordo.

En 2015, el Eastern Star, un barco de pasajeros que viajaba a lo largo del río Yangtze desde la ciudad oriental de Nanjing, volcó durante una violenta tormenta y mató a aproximadamente 400 personas.

En 2020, los agentes del orden expulsaron a los manifestantes de Lafayette Square, cerca de la Casa Blanca, utilizando gas lacrimógeno y otras tácticas para permitir que el presidente Donald Trump caminara hasta la Iglesia Episcopal de St. John para posar para una foto mientras sostenía una Biblia. La sesión fotográfica se produjo en medio de protestas contra el asesinato policial de George Floyd, que causó daños a la iglesia.


Ex alumno detenido en el asesinato de un maestro de Nueva York

En respuesta a un aviso telefónico, la policía arrestó el sábado a un hombre de 19 años en el asesinato por tortura de su ex maestro, Jonathan Levin, hijo del alto ejecutivo de Time Warner Inc.

Corey Arthur fue arrestado en la sección Bedford Stuyvestant de Brooklyn, dijo el comisionado de policía Howard Safir en una conferencia de prensa. Arthur, un narcotraficante convicto, fue acusado de asesinato en primer grado y robo.

Un presunto cómplice, Montoun Hart, de 25 años, también fue arrestado y acusado de asesinato en segundo grado y robo, dijo Safir. Hart tiene un récord de siete arrestos, dos por robo en la ciudad de Nueva York.

El motivo del asesinato fue el robo, dijo Safir. Los investigadores creen que Levin fue torturado y obligado a revelar el número de identificación personal de su tarjeta bancaria, y luego asesinado después de que sus atacantes usaran la tarjeta para retirar $ 800 de un cajero automático cercano.

La policía se enteró del paradero de Arthur por una persona que llamó, quien aparentemente respondió a una decisión policial el viernes de revelar la foto de Arthur y ofrecer una recompensa de $ 11,000, dijo Safir.

Levin, de 31 años, era un popular profesor de inglés en Taft High School en el Bronx e hijo del presidente y director ejecutivo de Time Warner, Gerald Levin. Su cuerpo parcialmente descompuesto fue descubierto el lunes por la noche en su modesto apartamento de una habitación en el Upper West Side de Manhattan después de que no se presentara a trabajar.

Levin había sido atado, apuñalado y baleado en la cabeza. El efectivo, junto con la tarjeta bancaria, no estaba en su billetera.

Safir se negó a discutir los detalles del caso, pero los investigadores creen que en algún momento de la noche del 30 de mayo, el asesino de Levin le ató pies y manos con cinta adhesiva y luego lo obligó a revelar el código de su tarjeta bancaria apuñalándolo repetidamente en el cuello.

Es posible que Levin aún estuviera vivo cuando su agresor usó la tarjeta bancaria antes de regresar para dispararle en la cabeza y apuñalarlo en el pecho, dijo la policía.

Como no había señales de allanamiento, la policía dijo que creían que el agresor de Levin era alguien que lo conocía.

Arthur, uno de un grupo de estudiantes actuales y antiguos cercanos a Levin, se convirtió en el objetivo de una persecución después de que la policía se enteró de que había dejado un mensaje en el contestador automático de Levin el día del asesinato. La policía dijo que dio su nombre y luego agregó: “Necesito verte. Es importante."


Jonathan Levin es torturado y asesinado por su ex alumno - 30 de mayo de 1997 - HISTORY.com

TSgt Joe C.

Jonathan Levin, un popular profesor de inglés de 31 años, es apuñalado y asesinado a tiros en su apartamento del Upper West Side en la ciudad de Nueva York. Hijo del presidente de Time Warner, Gerald Levin, muchos sabían que Jonathan era rico. Cuando no se presentó a trabajar, los investigadores registraron su apartamento y encontraron su cuerpo sin vida atado a una silla con cinta adhesiva. La tarjeta bancaria de Levin no estaba en su billetera y se habían retirado $ 800 de su cuenta en el momento en que lo mataron.

La policía se enteró de la cinta del contestador automático de Levin que Corey Arthur, un ex alumno de la clase de recuperación de inglés de Levin en la escuela secundaria William H. Taft en el Bronx, llamó a Levin el 30 de mayo para concertar una reunión. Al parecer, Arthur y su cómplice, Montoun Hart, torturaron a Levin con un cuchillo de cocina para que les dijera el código de su tarjeta de débito. Encendieron la aspiradora y el estéreo para disimular sus gritos.

Arthur, arrestado una semana después de los asesinatos, afirmó por primera vez que había estado en el apartamento de Levin fumando crack cuando otros dos hombres entraron y lo mataron. Sin embargo, su historia perdió credibilidad en el juicio cuando se encontraron sus huellas dactilares en la cinta adhesiva. Aún así, Arthur negó haber sido quien apretó el gatillo del disparo fatal.

Arthur fue declarado culpable de asesinato en segundo grado y recibió de 25 años a cadena perpetua. Hart, a pesar de su confesión firmada de 11 páginas, fue absuelto después de convencer a los miembros del jurado de que la confesión le había sido forzada cuando estaba borracho.


VEREDICTO CULPABLE EN EL MATANZA DEL HIJO DE EXEC

Un jurado condenó a Corey Arthur, de 20 años, por asesinato en segundo grado el martes por la noche en la muerte por tortura del maestro Jonathan Levin, hijo de 31 años del presidente de Time Warner, Gerald Levin.

Arthur, un traficante de cocaína crack en libertad condicional y ex alumno de Levin's, enfrenta de 25 años a cadena perpetua cuando sea sentenciado el próximo mes.

Arthur también había sido acusado de asesinato en primer grado y se había enfrentado a cadena perpetua sin libertad condicional.

El jurado de nueve mujeres y tres hombres rechazó el cargo más grave debido al testimonio de la testigo de cargo clave, Carlethia Weeks, la ex novia de Arthur, quien dijo que Arthur le había confesado el asesinato.

Anthony Ricco, uno de los abogados de Arthur, calificó el veredicto y la cuota de victoria para su cliente. Pero también dijo que fue una "tragedia porque una persona hermosa perdió la vida".

Los miembros del jurado habían comenzado a deliberar el lunes y, desde entonces, se les había leído el testimonio de Weeks dos veces antes de llegar a su veredicto.

Weeks había testificado el mes pasado que Arthur le dijo que había "hecho algo malo" y que "mató a la maestra".

Pero en el interrogatorio, Weeks admitió haber escuchado voces durante el tiempo en que Arthur supuestamente confesó.

Levin, un popular profesor de inglés en Taft High School en una zona pobre del Bronx, fue apuñalado en el pecho y la garganta con un cuchillo de carne y recibió un disparo en la cabeza en su apartamento de Manhattan el 30 de mayo de 1997.

Los fiscales dijeron que Levin fue torturado con un cuchillo y luego disparado por Arthur y un presunto cómplice que quería la contraseña de su cuenta bancaria.

El cuerpo atado y descompuesto de Levin fue encontrado tres días después por amigos.

Las huellas dactilares de Arthur se encontraron en la cinta utilizada para unir a Levin. Además, la sangre en la ropa encontrada en el apartamento de la tía de Arhtur coincidía con el ADN de Levin, dijeron los expertos que testificaron en su juicio.

La defensa afirmó que Levin fue asesinado por el coacusado Montoun Hart, quien será juzgado por separado el próximo año. Hart ha sido identificado por testigos por haber ido a una sucursal bancaria cercana de Chase Manhattan y haber retirado $ 800 de la cuenta de Levin.


Los miembros del jurado condenan a un joven por matar a su maestro

Un ex alumno de 19 años de Jonathan M. Levin fue declarado culpable ayer de asesinato en segundo grado en mayo de 1997 del Sr. Levin, un maestro de una escuela secundaria pública del Bronx, en su apartamento del Upper West Side. Pero en un revés para los fiscales, el jurado absolvió al acusado, Corey Arthur, de asesinato en primer grado, aparentemente sin estar convencido de que Arthur disparó el tiro fatal.

Arthur enfrenta de 25 años a cadena perpetua. Si hubiera sido declarado culpable de asesinato en primer grado, habría sido condenado a cadena perpetua sin libertad condicional.

El Sr. Levin, hijo de Gerald M. Levin, presidente de Time Warner, eligió ser profesor de inglés en William Howard Taft High en el Bronx en lugar de vivir una vida de privilegios. Sus estudiantes lo elogiaron por entregarse desinteresadamente y tener una habilidad inusual para elevar su autoestima. Algunos de sus estudiantes exhibieron un letrero en el funeral del Sr. Levin & # x27 declarando, & # x27 & # x27Somos sus hijos. & # X27 & # x27.

La madre del Sr. Levin & # x27, Carol Levin, expresó su decepción con el veredicto anoche en una emotiva declaración.

& # x27 & # x27 & # x27 No estoy contento con esto, & # x27 & # x27, dijo la Sra. Levin. & # x27 & # x27No hay felicidad en esto. & # x27 & # x27 Ella agregó, & # x27 & # x27John no estaría & # x27t feliz con este veredicto. & # x27 & # x27

Los miembros del jurado abandonaron el tribunal anoche sin comentar sobre sus 11 horas de deliberaciones durante dos días, pero parece que rechazaron el testimonio de la fiscalía y testigo principal de # x27, Carlethia Weeks. La Sra. Weeks, la ex novia del Sr. Arthur & # x27, había testificado que él le confesó el asesinato.

Pero la Sra. Weeks admitió durante el interrogatorio que había escuchado voces en su cabeza desde que era una niña y había visto a un psiquiatra sobre el problema. Los fiscales no han comentado si sabían de los problemas psiquiátricos de la Sra. Weeks cuando la colocaron en el estrado.

El fallo del jurado significó esencialmente que los fiscales solo probaron que el Sr. Arthur y su coacusado de 26 años, Montoun T. Hart, cometieron un crimen que resultó en la muerte del Sr. Levin & # x27, torturándolo hasta que les dio la código a su tarjeta bancaria y robarle $ 800. Pero no probaron que el Sr. Arthur mató personalmente al Sr. Levin. El Sr. Arthur también fue condenado por dos cargos de robo a mano armada. Hart será juzgado por separado por cargos de asesinato en segundo grado en enero.

Los veredictos de culpabilidad provocaron vítores de los amigos de la víctima y sollozos de un amigo del acusado. El Sr. Arthur negó con la cabeza y murmuró para sí mismo cuando se anunciaron los veredictos. Su madre, Penny Bostick, se sentó inmóvil y la novia actual del Sr. Arthur & # x27 rompió a llorar. La Sra. Bostick dijo que no tenía comentarios sobre el veredicto.

Pero la Sra. Levin, quien habló públicamente por primera vez después de asistir todos los días del juicio, elogió la vida de su hijo y dijo que sus estudiantes todavía la llaman por él. Criticó a los abogados defensores por plantear la cuestión del consumo de drogas en el juicio. Sugirieron que las drogas pueden haber sido una razón por la que el Sr. Arthur estaba en el apartamento del Sr. Levin & # x27s esa noche. Pero una autopsia no encontró drogas en el cuerpo del Sr. Levin.

& # x27 & # x27A los que amaban mucho a John les dolía escuchar a la defensa inventar ficciones sobre su vida & # x27 & # x27, dijo. & # x27 & # x27John vivió una vida noble. Era un hombre muy honorable. & # X27 & # x27

La Sra. Levin dijo que su hijo vivía para sus estudiantes y no habría podido lograr lo que hizo en la vida si hubiera consumido drogas. Ella dijo que se entregó desinteresadamente a sus estudiantes y que respondió a la llamada telefónica del Sr. Arthur & # x27s el día del asesinato porque esa era su naturaleza.

& # x27 & # x27 Probablemente estaría muy decepcionado con Corey Arthur, & # x27 & # x27, dijo la Sra. Levin. & # x27 & # x27La única razón por la que cogió ese teléfono fue porque no podía & # x27t hacer otra cosa. & # x27 & # x27

Los abogados defensores calificaron el veredicto como una victoria y dijeron que tenían que aumentar el uso de drogas como parte de la preparación de una defensa adecuada para Arthur. Los abogados defensores atacaron la credibilidad de los amigos del Sr. Levin que testificaron que fumaba marihuana ocasionalmente pero que no consumía drogas duras.

El Sr. Goltzer se disculpó por el dolor que el equipo de defensa causó a la familia del Sr. Levin & # x27s. & # x27 & # x27Si le causamos algún dolor, es lamentable, pero fue inevitable, & # x27 & # x27, dijo el Sr. Goltzer. & # x27 & # x27 Teníamos un cliente al que proteger. No hicimos todo lo posible para atacar agresivamente al Sr. Levin. Era un buen hombre y un buen maestro y el hecho de que usara un poco de marihuana no cambia eso. & # X27 & # x27

Los fiscales, que no hicieron comentarios sobre los veredictos anoche, dijeron durante el juicio que el Sr. Arthur fue al apartamento del Sr. Levin & # x27s para robarlo.

El asesinato del Sr. Levin llevó a algunos maestros de escuelas públicas a cuestionar qué tan accesibles deberían ser para sus estudiantes fuera de la escuela y convirtió al Sr. Levin en un símbolo del servicio público.

El Sr. Arthur era un estudiante en la clase de inglés del Sr. Levin & # x27 en Taft High School durante el año escolar 1993-1994, y el joven maestro aparentemente tomó al joven con problemas bajo su protección. En ese momento, al menos, los dos estaban cerca.

En una nota de agradecimiento manuscrita de dos páginas que el Sr. Arthur le escribió al Sr. Levin en 1993, llamó al maestro su & # x27 & # x27verdadero y único amigo en el mundo. & # X27 & # x27.

& # x27 & # x27Me has mostrado que está bien intervenir y ayudar a alguien, & # x27 & # x27, dijo en la carta. & # x27 & # x27Me has mostrado que no todas las personas quieren usarme y explotarme. & # x27 & # x27

La nota concluía: & # x27 & # x27 Dondequiera que llegue en la vida, se lo debo a usted y por eso estoy totalmente agradecido. También soy afortunado y muy feliz de llamar a Jake o John Levin mi amigo. Gracias. & # X27 & # x27

El Sr. Levin escribió en un artículo para una clase de posgrado que estaba tomando en ese momento que el Sr. Arthur se mostró prometedor y que leer la nota del Sr. Arthur casi lo hizo llorar. & # x27 & # x27Nunca he conocido a un joven de 16 años que haya pasado por lo que ha pasado y haya visto lo que ha hecho, y parezca increíblemente rudo e intimidante por fuera, & # x27 & # x27, escribió el Sr. Levin, & # x27 & # x27y todavía , alberga algunas metas y aspiraciones positivas que no puede compartir con nadie, porque la mayoría de sus compañeros las encontrarían ridículas. & # x27 & # x27

Escribió que su relación con el Sr. Arthur fue una inspiración: & # x27 & # x27 Mucho de lo que soy y lo que quiero hacer en esta vida y profesión gira en torno a lo que he establecido & # x27 & # x27 con él.

Pero los fiscales y los abogados defensores pintaron retratos completamente diferentes de lo que sucedió a continuación en su relación. Los abogados defensores dijeron que los dos se mantuvieron cercanos y argumentaron en las declaraciones finales del lunes que Arthur nunca habría matado a su ex maestro. Argumentaron que los cortes que el Sr. Arthur sufrió en su mano en el momento del asesinato ocurrieron cuando intentó evitar que un cómplice apuñalara al Sr. Levin.

& # x27 & # x27No hay forma en la tierra de Dios de que lo mate, & # x27 & # x27 George Goltzer, uno de los abogados defensores de Arthur & # x27, en su declaración final. & # x27 & # x27No hay forma en la tierra de Dios & # x27 de que le haga daño. & # x27 & # x27

Pero los fiscales dijeron que Arthur y Levin se habían distanciado para el 30 de mayo de 1997. El ex alumno aprovechó su relación anterior con su ex maestro para ganar la entrada a su apartamento. Dos veces durante el juicio, los fiscales pusieron una cinta del contestador automático telefónico del Sr. Levin & # x27 que grababa al Sr. Arthur llamándolo a las 4:55 p.m. el día del asesinato.

& # x27 & # x27 Sr. Levin, este es Corey, & # x27 & # x27 dice la voz en la cinta. & # x27 & # x27 Recógelo si & # x27 estás allí. Es importante. & # X27 & # x27

El Sr. Arthur y el Sr. Hart fueron a visitar al Sr. Levin, y los fiscales dijeron que lo atacaron y lo ataron con cinta adhesiva. El maestro fue torturado con un cuchillo, incluidos tres cortes en la garganta, hasta que entregó el código de su tarjeta bancaria. A las 5:15 p.m., un hombre identificado por un testigo como el Sr. Hart retiró $ 800 de la cuenta bancaria del Sr. Levin.

Pero los fiscales describieron a Arthur como el líder de los dos. Sus huellas digitales se encontraron en el rollo de cinta adhesiva y su D.N.A. fue encontrado en el cuchillo utilizado para torturar al Sr. Levin. Se encontró sangre del Sr. Levin en la ropa del Sr. Arthur. Si bien nunca se recuperó el arma que mató al Sr. Levin, los fiscales argumentaron que el Sr. Arthur era el único que tenía un motivo para matar a su antiguo maestro porque luego pudo identificar al Sr. Arthur ante la policía.

En su declaración final, el Sr. Hurley señaló que el Sr. Levin recibió un disparo en la cabeza mientras yacía boca abajo en el suelo y que le habían quitado un trozo de cinta adhesiva de la boca. Especuló que el Sr. Arthur permitió que su antiguo maestro fumara un último cigarrillo, pero luego obligó al Sr. Levin a acostarse boca abajo en el suelo antes de dispararle.

& # x27 & # x27Una razón para hacerlo acostarse & # x27 & # x27 Eugene Hurley, el fiscal principal, dijo, & # x27 & # x27is no & # x27t quieres mirarle a la cara & # x27 & # x27.

A pesar de la naturaleza espeluznante del crimen, el juicio no se convirtió en la batalla contra todos que algunos temían. A los abogados defensores les preocupaba que el Sr. Arthur no pudiera recibir un juicio justo después de que el caso recibiera tanta publicidad.

Al final, la imagen del Sr. Levin como un joven maestro dedicado permaneció intacta durante todo el juicio. Los abogados defensores expresaron admiración por el Sr. Levin, dentro y fuera de la sala del tribunal.

La Fundación Jonathan Levin, una organización sin fines de lucro establecida después del asesinato, ha creado un nuevo centro de medios y un campo atlético en Taft High School. Un bloque cercano ha sido rebautizado como Jonathan Levin Way.

Afuera del juzgado anoche, un amigo del Sr. Levin & # x27s que habló bajo condición de anonimato expresó emociones encontradas. Dijo que estaba decepcionado de que Arthur fuera absuelto de los cargos de asesinato en primer grado, pero dijo que ningún veredicto podría cambiar lo sucedido.

& # x27 & # x27 & # x27 Va a pasar mucho tiempo tras las rejas & # x27 & # x27, dijo. & # x27 & # x27Pero & # x27s no va a traer de vuelta a John. & # x27 & # x27


Se descarta la pena de muerte por el asesinato de Jonathan Levin

Robert M. Morgenthau, el fiscal de distrito de Manhattan, anunció ayer que no buscaría la pena de muerte para el hombre acusado de matar a un popular profesor de secundaria, Jonathan M. Levin, durante un robo en mayo.

El asesinato del Sr. Levin, cuyo padre, Gerald, dirige el conglomerado de medios Time Warner, fue el octavo caso potencial de pena de muerte que el Sr. Morgenthau ha considerado desde que el estado restableció la pena capital hace dos años. En cada caso, el Sr. Morgenthau, un opositor desde hace mucho tiempo de la pena de muerte, ha optado por buscar una sentencia de cadena perpetua sin libertad condicional.

En el caso más reciente, los fiscales acusaron a Corey Arthur, un ex alumno de Mr. Levin & # x27s, de torturar y matar al maestro para robarle su A.T.M. tarjeta.

El asesinato, que ocurrió el 30 de mayo, llamó la atención tanto por la prominencia de Gerald Levin & # x27 como porque Jonathan Levin era un maestro que era admirado por sus estudiantes y compañeros de la facultad en la escuela secundaria William H. Taft en el Bronx. La protesta provocó una persecución en toda la ciudad que llevó al arresto del Sr. Arthur y un coacusado, Montoun Hart. Hart enfrenta un cargo de asesinato en segundo grado.

Desde que el estado aprobó la ley de pena capital, el Sr. Morgenthau, quien se ha desempeñado como Fiscal de Distrito de Manhattan desde principios de la década de 1970 y es quizás el fiscal más importante del estado, ha sido observado de cerca en busca de indicios de cómo aplicaría la ley. . A pesar de su oposición personal a las ejecuciones estatales, ha dicho que considerará cada caso de asesinato en primer grado individualmente y buscará la pena de muerte si es necesaria. Debido a que involucró cargos de robo y tortura, el asesinato del Sr. Levin calificó como tal caso.

Como lo ha hecho constantemente en los otros posibles casos de pena capital, el Sr. Morgenthau se negó ayer a explicar sus razones para solicitar la cadena perpetua sin libertad condicional. & # x27 & # x27 Usted no & # x27t discute en público los méritos y deméritos de su caso & # x27 & # x27, dijo. & # x27 & # x27 Tenemos un caso importante que tenemos que juzgar, y si damos razones que podrían ser utilizadas por el abogado defensor, sería contraproducente. & # x27 & # x27.

El asesinato es el segundo caso de pena de muerte de alto perfil que el Sr. Morgenthau ha manejado este año. Aunque ha recibido una gran cobertura en la prensa, el caso Levin no ha sido tan políticamente cargado como el asesinato del oficial Anthony Sánchez, un oficial de policía condecorado asesinado mientras respondía a un robo a mano armada. El alcalde Rudolph W. Giuliani, el gobernador George E. Pataki y los sindicatos policiales habían instado al Sr. Morgenthau a solicitar la pena de muerte.

El gobernador, que se movió el año pasado para reemplazar al fiscal de distrito del Bronx, Robert T. Johnson, cuando Johnson se negó a solicitar la pena de muerte en otro asesinato policial, consideró nombrar un fiscal especial para el caso Sánchez. Pero después de que Morgenthau anunció el mes pasado que buscaría cadena perpetua sin libertad condicional en el caso Sánchez, el gobernador se negó a intervenir, diciendo que la decisión de Morgenthau & # x27 se basó en un análisis profesional y no en una filosofía personal.

Ayer, el Gobernador dijo que la decisión en el caso Levin fue & # x27 & # x27 una determinación profesional & # x27 & # x27. Sin embargo, el Gobernador Pataki dijo que la oposición pública del Sr. Morgenthau & # x27 a la pena de muerte y su decisión de no buscar la pena capital contra ocho acusados, generó & # x27 & # x27 una preocupación que requiere un seguimiento cuidadoso de sus decisiones a medida que se toman. & # x27 & # x27.

Como en casos similares, el Sr. Morgenthau discutió el caso con la familia de la víctima, pero se negó a dar más detalles. & # x27 & # x27Pidieron que el contenido de la discusión se mantuviera en privado, y estamos cumpliendo esa solicitud, & # x27 & # x27, dijo. El Sr. Morgenthau conoce a Gerald Levin personalmente a través de obras de caridad en las que ambos hombres han participado.

A través de un portavoz, la familia Levin declinó hacer comentarios ayer. & # x27 & # x27Este es un asunto muy personal & # x27 & # x27, dijo Edward Adler, vicepresidente de comunicaciones corporativas de Time Warner.

Expertos en el sistema legal de la ciudad dijeron ayer que es poco probable que Morgenthau, quien fue reelegido el martes con más del 90 por ciento de los votos, busque la pena de muerte excepto en los casos más extremos.

& # x27 & # x27 No puedo & # x27 leer su mente, pero me parece que va a limitarla a un rango estrecho de casos & # x27 & # x27, dijo Chester L. Mirsky, profesor de derecho en la Universidad de Nueva York.

Gerald B. Lefcourt, presidente de la Asociación Nacional de Abogados de Defensa Criminal, dijo que el Sr. Morgenthau era muy consciente de la dificultad y el gasto que implica ejecutar a un acusado. En particular, dijo, el Fiscal de Distrito sabe que los casos de pena de muerte desvían recursos de otras investigaciones.

& # x27 & # x27Este es un profesional, & # x27 & # x27, dijo. & # x27 & # x27 No está interesado en convertirse en presidente, gobernador, lo que sea. Creo que toma sus decisiones basándose en lo que es mejor para el sistema de justicia penal. & # X27 & # x27


Hombre arrestado en arresto por tráfico de armas en Brooklyn fue absuelto en 1997 por el asesinato del amado maestro de escuela del Bronx Jonathan Levin

Un hombre acusado una vez de torturar y asesinar a un amado maestro de escuela del Bronx con una tarjeta de cajero automático en 1997 fue arrestado por dirigir una red de tráfico de armas, dijo la policía, y la madre de la víctima no podría estar más complacida.

Un jurado comprensivo salvó a Montoun Hart de ir a la cárcel por el sensacional asesinato de Jonathan Levin, absolviendo a Hart de torturar, apuñalar y disparar al profesor de inglés de la escuela secundaria en un descarado asesinato que conmocionó a la ciudad.

Levin, el hijo del entonces director ejecutivo de Time Warner, Gerald Levin, fue torturado con un cuchillo por su número de PIN y asesinado en su apartamento del Upper West Side el 31 de mayo de 1997 antes de que se usara su tarjeta de cajero automático para retirar $ 800 de un cajero automático a tres cuadras. lejos.

El ex alumno de Levin en Taft High School en Claremont, Corey Arthur, fue condenado en 1999 por el asesinato. La madre de la víctima, Carol Levin, dijo que siempre creyó que Hart tenía algo que ver, a pesar de sus negativas emocionales.


Deshaciendo a un asesino: las preguntas giran sobre el asesinato de estudiantes y maestros 20 años después

Para alguien que cumple una condena de prisión por asesinato, Corey Devon Arthur es muy educado. Cuando llama, siempre pregunta por mi esposa, y siempre lo hace con una solicitud pausada que hace que la pregunta sea más que superficial. Cuando lo visito en el Centro Correccional de Green Haven en Stormville, Nueva York, camina con entusiasmo hacia mí como si fuéramos viejos amigos a punto de compartir una jarra de cerveza y maldecir a los Yankees mientras dejan una ventaja al final de la entrada. En la conversación, hace uso frecuente de mi nombre de pila, que tiene un efecto extrañamente entrañable, casi paternal, aunque tenemos casi la misma edad.

Arthur no se parece en nada al aturdido joven de 19 años que fue sacado de un recinto de Brooklyn en la primavera de 1997, seguido por corpulentos detectives con malos trajes, las manos esposadas y el rostro fijo en una expresión de desafío conmovedor e inútil. "Te tengo", decía la portada del New York Post. En otra fotografía, parece un terror urbano hecho carne.

Conoces a Corey Arthur. Cuando los tabloides hablan de matones, se refieren a Corey Arthur. Cuando las publicaciones más serias hablan de los efectos de la desigualdad socioeconómica en los jóvenes de color, también se refieren a Corey Arthur. Le temes, ya sea que admitas ese miedo o no. Corey Arthur es un maldito tipo que da miedo, ¿de acuerdo? O estaba. Ahora está en prisión. No tienes nada que temer.

"La pelota se detiene aquí", me dice Arthur sobre la culpabilidad por el crimen que cometió. El gobernador de Nueva York quería la pena de muerte para Arthur, pero ese castigo es una rareza en el estado de Nueva York a menos que la víctima sea un oficial de policía. Su víctima era solo un profesor de inglés, su profesor de inglés, por lo que recibió 25 años de vida. No está enojado ni dado a la autocompasión. Arthur es donde pertenece y él lo sabe. Cualquier daño que se le haya hecho es insignificante comparado con el daño que ha cometido, y ambos lo sabemos.

Pero hay cosas que no sé, y esas son las cosas que me atraen hacia Arthur, que me obligan a levantar el teléfono mientras le cambio el pañal a mi hijo pequeño o le preparo el almuerzo a mi hija en edad preescolar. Por un lado, aunque Corey Arthur dice que es responsable de la muerte de Jonathan M. Levin, de 31 años, sostiene que no es culpable de asesinato. Esto puede parecer el tipo de justificación que uno inventa mientras languidece en prisión, pero Arthur insiste en la fina distinción cada vez que le pregunto sobre lo que sucedió en las últimas horas del 30 de mayo de 1997. Otros hombres, dice, mataron a Levin. Esos otros hombres, cuyos nombres no me dirá, no habrían estado allí a menos que Arthur les hubiera presentado a su amada profesora de inglés. Pero ellos son los verdaderos asesinos, afirma.

"No tenía intenciones de robar a este hombre", me dice Arthur. "No tenía intenciones de matar a este hombre".

'Trabajo policial descuidado'

He hablado con al menos otra persona que estaba en ese apartamento del tercer piso en Columbus Avenue y 69th Street en una noche de primavera hace casi 20 años: Montoun Hart, quien fue arrestado como cómplice de Arthur en el asesinato, pero firmó una larga confesión de que implicó Arthur. Posteriormente Hart fue absuelto de todos los cargos y volvió a una vida aparentemente sin rumbo. Lo poco de su historia que Hart se dignó contarme fue, francamente, tan extravagante que sin darse cuenta dio crédito a la versión de los hechos de Arthur. Hart puede no tener nada que ver con la muerte de Levin, pero después de mi único encuentro con él, no tengo ninguna duda de que, en lo que respecta a ese dúo, el hombre más digno de confianza languidecía en prisión.

Permítanme ser muy claro: ¿creo que Arthur es lo suficientemente tonto como para llamar a su maestro favorito, dejar un mensaje en su contestador automático, ir a su apartamento del Upper West Side con una capucha al azar que apenas conoce (es decir, Hart), torturar y matar a Levin, usar la tarjeta bancaria de Levin para retirar una suma insignificante ($ 800) de un cajero automático en un tramo concurrido de Columbus Avenue y luego simplemente ir a Brooklyn, donde tenía que saber que la policía lo encontraría antes de que terminara el fin de semana.

Al mismo tiempo, ¿es posible que Arthur, de hecho, asesinara a Jonathan Levin?

La evidencia sugiere que esto no solo es posible sino probable. En lo que respecta al estado de Nueva York, Arthur recibió un castigo justo por un crimen que se probó más allá de toda duda razonable que había cometido. El sistema de justicia penal, después de haber hecho su trabajo, se movió hace mucho tiempo.

No lo he hecho. No tengo ningún vínculo con la gente en este caso más que una curiosidad de larga data sobre por qué las cosas salieron como lo hicieron. No escribo como un cruzado o un defensor, aunque un buen periodista a menudo es ambas cosas. Part of my motivation in revisiting this case is the conviction that what remains unknown in it should not remain unknown. Here's just one example: I tried for many months to force the New York Police Department to hand over its file on the Levin murder. I called and wrote letters and had our company lawyer write letters, and in the end I got back nothing. For a case that had been closed for nearly two decades, such reluctance seemed strange. Or maybe not so strange, since accusations of "sloppy police work" were leveled during Arthur's trial. Is it possible that zealous detective work settled on Arthur too quickly, eager to close a case that terrified Manhattan?

Is it possible that a young black man from the depths of Brooklyn was not treated by the criminal justice system with all the solicitude he deserved?

This is also not only possible but probable.

The most important question is whether Arthur should go free. I make no pretenses to journalistic impartiality on this point: I have helped him contact appeal lawyers and have suggested steps he should take before his parole hearing, which is still years away. But I also know that Levin's parents are both living (both refused to talk to me on the record), and it would surely crush them yet again to have some journalist zonked out on De serie y Making a Murderer go for glory by trying to free the killer of their son.

Here's the thing, though, and I am going to lay it out very simply: Whether by the hand of Arthur or someone else, the only person who gave a shit about Arthur was killed. For this, Arthur deserved the years he has spent behind bars. Nobody disputes that. Yet he is now finally deserving of shit-giving (i.e., empathy). It took him a while to get there, but I believe he is ready to receive compassion without exploiting those who offer it.

For now, Arthur remains something less than a person. He is 98A7146, which is the identification number given to him by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. After some months of visits and correspondence, I start to think of him as 98A7146, no longer needing to look up the number when visiting him or writing him a letter.

But Arthur is more than 98A7146, more than a murderer, more than the nexus of late 20th-century urban ills. He writes poetry. It isn't very good, but neither is most poetry written by people outside of prison. Here is one of his better verses:

My life is a rose
that forgot to blossom

This verse comes from a poem titled "Fucked Up."

He also draws, and his drawings remind me of the great Mexican muralists: sinuous and lush, dreamy but precise. I have been sending him information on how to publish a graphic novel. We both believe his life is rife with material for such an enterprise. He wouldn't even have to make much up: rapping with the Notorious B.I.G. when they were both just hungry scrappers from Brooklyn, getting whaled on by the cops of the famously corrupt 75th Precinct. A graphic memoir, maybe? Those things sell.

Arthur has been in one cell or another since June 7, 1997, when around 1:30 p.m., members of the New York Police Department descended on him in the Sumner Houses housing development in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. He was planning to escape to North Carolina. Now he was headed to Rikers Island, then upstate for prison, where he has been ever since. He will turn 39 in December, meaning he has spent half of his life in prison. The cell is his true natural habitat. He has never even used an iPhone.

Arthur spent a good deal of his 20s in Attica, the maximum security prison where bank robber Willie Sutton spent 17 years and where John Lennon's killer, Mark David Chapman, spent 31. "I love Attica," he tells me. "I became a man in Attica&hellip. The most basic parts of manhood I learned in Attica." There are very few people who will express fondness for a maximum security prison, but on a deeply uncomfortable level, 98A7146 is an example of the corrections system at its very best, for he has done significantly better when deprived of freedom by the state. He is much more informed, articulate and compassionate than the stoops and street corners of Bed-Stuy would have ever allowed him to be. I don't like having that thought, but few of my liberal verities are confirmed as I sit in the Green Haven visiting room, whose walls are lined with baby play cribs, watching Arthur eat a microwaved pizza slice and tell me how he'd love it if I could send him books about leadership. He likes to read history too.

Arthur knows that he will never escape the events of May 30, 1997. But since the state did not have him executed, he reasons, he has a responsibility to live, to be better and to maybe even be good. "The story ain't over," he says. "I'm still in the fight." I admire that, even if there is much about Arthur that I do not admire. This is a fight I want to join.

Interactive documentary: Choose your own path through "Undertow," a look at the relationship between Corey Arthur and his former English teacher. EXPLORE THE STORY

'He Only Talked About Getting Money'

It was one of those Fridays in late May when every New Yorker yearns to escape from Manhattan to the Jersey Shore, the Hamptons or the country, coolers packed, highways jammed, prayers whispered against the rain. Jonathan Levin, though, wasn't going anywhere. He had just finished another week of teaching English at William H. Taft High School in the Bronx the next morning, as his fellow Upper West Siders sleepily slunk out for brunch, he would be back at the school for a meeting of teachers trying to figure out how to deal with students on the brink of dropping out. And many had dropped out&mdashthe school's graduation rate was only 63 percent.

That night, the New York Yankees were playing the Boston Red Sox. I don't know what social plans he had, but it seems inconceivable that a lifelong Yankees fan such as Levin could have made any arrangements that didn't involve baseball's greatest rivalry. The Red Sox won the game, 10-4. Levin was probably dead well before the seventh-inning stretch.

A little after 5 p.m., there was a message on his answering machine. The caller announced himself as "Corey" while addressing "Mr. Levin." "Pick up if you're there," he said. "It's important."

Corey Arthur had been one of Levin's favorite students at Taft. Not the one with the best grades, not even one who showed up with anything like frequency. Yet there was some ineffable quality that convinced Levin that Arthur could be pulled from the sinkhole that awaited many of his classmates. "So much of what I am and what I want to do in this life, and this profession, revolves around what I've established" with Arthur, he had written in the fall of 1993 in a paper for his graduate program at New York University. In that same essay, he quoted from a thank-you note Arthur had written: "The most important thing you have taught me is how to live&hellip. Wherever I get in life, I owe it to you and for that I am eternally grateful. I am also lucky and most happy to call Jake or Jon Levin my friend."

During the 1993-94 school year, Arthur and Levin had become friends, enamored of each other's respective cultures. Levin loved rap, while Arthur was a real-life rapper. At some point, he started rapping as either "Dee Rock" or "Big C" (Arthur is unclear about the timeline, while news reports from that period are conflicting and, according to him, frequently wrong). He was also loosely affiliated with the crew that coalesced around the portly Bed-Stuy rapper named Christopher Wallace, aka the Notorious B.I.G. He says he also met Marion "Suge" Knight, the West Coast producer of rappers like Dr. Dre, though that appears to have come later. In any case, music became the bridge between teacher and student, between white Manhattan and black Brooklyn.

"That was the closest I've ever been with a white man," Arthur tells me.

In the fall of 1994, after a procession of drug-related arrests, Arthur was sent to a military-style prison on the shore of Lake Erie. He spent about seven months there, then returned to New York City. He got a high school equivalency degree, took some courses at Bronx Community College. The hustle beckoned, though, and soon he was selling crack again. "The only thing he talked about was getting money&mdashany way he could get money," an acquaintance would later tell Los New York Times.

Still, when Arthur appeared at the door of the third-floor apartment at 205 Columbus Avenue, Levin apparently welcomed him inside.

Levin did not show up for that Saturday morning meeting at Taft. On Sunday, a fellow teacher named Cleo Tejada left a message: "We're worried about you. Please call and let us know you're all right." There were also messages from another colleague, Karen Grayson. "Call and say something as soon as you come in the door," she urged. "Call."

After he failed to come to school on Monday, several teachers from Taft showed up that evening at Levin's building. For hours, they pleaded with people on the street to tell them something about their colleague. Nobody could tell them a thing. Finally, around 11 p.m., one of the teachers called the cops. Two officers showed up and had a neighbor, Richard Veloso, use a spare key to open the apartment.

Veloso went inside the one-bedroom, with the cops behind him. The television was on. It was tuned to NY1, the 24-hour news channel. On the floor between the narrow kitchen and the living area, Veloso saw a body. He thought it was Julius, Levin's 9-month-old German shepherd.

But as Veloso came closer, he saw that the shape on the floor was too big to be a dog.

'Aren't You Worried?'

I first learned about Levin a decade ago, when I was on the cusp of becoming a public school teacher. Back then, subway cars were plastered with ads for the New York City Teaching Fellows, a rapid certification program for people who were tired of their office jobs and thought that getting 30 kids to read Los forasteros would make life more meaningful. I was accepted into the Teaching Fellows in the summer of 2005 by that fall, I would have my own classroom. So dire were things that putting a 25-year-old barely able to do his own laundry in charge of dozens of children appeared a reasonable means of improving the city's public schools.

"So you're going to become a public school teacher?"

I was drinking coffee outside a fashionable bookstore in SoHo with an appropriately fashionable friend who had grown up a few blocks away and now lived in Paris and worked in either law or consulting. He made no effort to disguise his disapproval. To become a teacher was unacceptable and vaguely embarrassing. We had not gone to Dartmouth to baby-sit hopeless cases who wouldn't make it to the 10th grade. Altruism? Yeah, OK, but only as an afterthought.

"Aren't you worried you might end up like that teacher in the Bronx?" this friend asked with casual cruelty. I professed ignorance, which Google cured some hours later when I typed something like "Bronx teacher student killed" into the search box. The headlines that ran down the page captured the tragic essence of his story: "Bronx Teacher, Time Warner Head's Son, Is Slain," "Ex-Student Denies Killing Levin and Tells of Gunmen," "Letter by Defendant Calls Slain Teacher His Friend," "Murder Trial Examines Drug Use by Teacher." There were intimations of an affair with a married woman, as well as questions&mdashmany questions&mdashabout whether Levin had become too close to one of this students.

One could leave it there, chalk the whole thing up to one of those big-city tragedies that make people thank God for the suburbs. But the story stayed with me, as did the conviction that there was more to Levin than the tale of his demise. What seemed especially admirable to me&mdashas my classmates ascended the ranks of Goldman Sachs, earned their law degrees from Yale, published their first articles in magazines important people were rumored to read&mdashwas Levin's renunciation of the solipsism that marks the American coming-of-age experience. He wasn't selfish, bowled over by the complexity of the world, falling back into the prevailing "like, whatever" ethos of Generation X. Nor did he court the convenient outrages of that time, which were most frequently solved with T-shirts or bumper stickers: "Free Mumia," "Save Tibet." There were plenty of outrages waiting for him in the Bronx, right across the Harlem River, unsexy and forgotten.

Levin wanted to teach students precisely like Arthur that his street-wise approach worked on Arthur appeared to confirm Levin's hopes for what a good teacher could accomplish in a place like the Bronx. "I can't ever be a teacher who doesn't want to invest personally with my students," Levin wrote in his NYU essay about Arthur. "If that means giving them some of myself personally. then I have no problem with that."

"I might, actually, be doing something right," Levin said at the end of that revealing piece of writing. In my English class, I could have used this as an example of dramatic irony, or what Aeschylus called "the awful grace of God." Do you think grace can be awful? If not, why? Did you know that Robert F. Kennedy said those words upon learning that Martin Luther King Jr. had been assassinated? Do you know what the weirdest thing is about being a teacher? You have absolutely no way of knowing whether you are making a difference. You can keep on, as Levin did. Or you can go do something else, as I did.

Into the Fray

If you have ever watched HBO, you have Jonathan Levin's father to thank. The man responsible, however indirectly, for making sure you can enjoy Game of Thrones was not exactly groomed from childhood for media moguldom. Gerald Levin descended from Romanian Jews who had come to the United States in 1907 and opened a grocery store in Philadelphia. He went to Haverford College, then the University of Pennsylvania Law School, from which he graduated in 1963. He worked at a white-shoe law firm in New York and, after that proved a bust, on an agrarian project in Iran.

In 1972, Time Inc. hired Gerald Levin to work on Home Box Office. Three years later, he figured out that transmitting HBO's signal by satellite, instead of via microwave towers, would give it a reach no other channel had. He thus became known as Time Inc.'s "resident genius," wrote journalist Nina Munk.

At the time his father reinvented HBO, Levin was 9 years old and living with his mother and two siblings on the north shore of Long Island, in the upper-middle-class town of Manhasset, close to where The Great Gatsby takes place. Levin's father had divorced his mother, Carol, in 1970, so Levin grew up in a comfortable but not posh household.

"I will be living in California, working as a wine taster for Ernest and Julio Gallo," Levin predicted in his yearbook as he graduated from Manhasset High School in 1984. He went to Trinity College, majoring in English and psychology. After graduation, he moved to New York City and started working for Access America, a travel insurance company. He did so for the next five years, spending off-hours with high school buddies, enjoying a Manhattan that was still a little wild and must have been an especially welcome playground in the wake of joyless Hartford.

He could have kept doing the young professional thing for years. There is nothing wrong with quietly profitable solidity, but Levin grew restless. "There's gotta be more to this," he would later tell Matthew Dwyer, who also taught at Taft and shared subway rides with Levin from the Upper West Side to the Bronx. And so, in the summer of 1993, he enrolled in a master's program at New York University.

Gordon Pradl, then a professor of education at NYU, remembers Levin bursting into his office, eager to get into the program so that he could start teaching in the fall. "I think that he realized that if he had some of these principles&mdashlike helping others&mdashthen staying in the business world was not his way of achieving that," Pradl says. "So he had to directly get into the fray. And that's teaching&mdashteaching was actually a logical direction given his talents and also the quickest direction. Because he was in a hurry. He was in a hurry."

'I Was an Asshole'

Corey Arthur was born in 1977, at the end of a year during which there had been a chaotic blackout in New York City, Son of Sam had gone around killing young women in the outer boroughs, and the whole city seemed to be floating ever further from the American mainland. The Yankees won the World Series, but all else was grim.

Arthur has a good memory, but it stumbles over the details of his life before prison, as if that were an ever-receding dream. He was raised by his mother and great-grandmother. Arthur had a half-brother and half-sister about whom he does not say much, other than that he is proud of them and understands why they don't make much room for him in their lives. "We lived from check to check," he says. "There wasn't no savings."

He remembers some of his teachers: Ms. Cohen, kindergarten, who had a son named Corey and gave him T-shirts bearing that name Ms. Eisenberg, third grade, in whose class he made butter. "I always liked school," Arthur says. "I never had a problem at school."

Middle school was "when the real problems started." He went to J.H.S. 302, a building on Linwood Street in East New York, Brooklyn, that could easily pass for a medium security prison. It was a bad school then it was a bad school until the spring of 2015, when it closed, cleaving into several smaller schools. Arthur recounts infractions like fighting and using the girls' bathroom. His first encounter with the police came when he was 12. He and some friends skipped school Arthur says cops from the 75th Precinct easily pegged them as truants, took them to nearby Highland Park and "roughed us up."

Once he got into real trouble, he kept getting in trouble. "The lines were drawn," Arthur says. In the summer of 1992, he was arrested for menacing a subway clerk in Brooklyn by trying to set his booth on fire. "It's not for me to say, but I would say he's a troubled kid," that clerk later told the Noticias diarias.

Arthur's assessment: "I was an asshole."

That fall, Arthur moved with his mother and her new husband to an apartment near Yankee Stadium&mdashand even nearer to the Bronx Supreme Court. He had been kicked out of Franklin K. Lane High School in Brooklyn, so now he went to William H. Taft in the Bronx, just a few blocks up the Grand Concourse, with its enormous apartment buildings recalling Moscow or East Berlin.

Arthur had Levin's class at the end of the day, eighth period, not usually a time when Arthur was in school. The two first met outside the classroom. "I was coming out of school a tad bit early," Arthur says, "and I think that he was coming back from a cigarette break. And we just happened to cross paths. And because I was leaving school early, I was scared, and I think he was kind of shocked to be seen smoking a cigarette, because the first thing he did was try and put it out. The first thing I did was look at him and start haulin' ass."

The next day, Arthur showed up in English class. He liked, at once, what he saw. Levin would open every class with a discussion of a quote from a rap song. "He had a thing for, like, conscious rap&helliprap mostly with a message," Arthur says. He adds that Levin "looked like a dork." This is said not pejoratively but with a kind of wistful affection.

A little later, Arthur saw Levin outside of class again. OK, let's see how cool this dude is, he thought. He took out a cigarette and began smoking it in front of his teacher. Nothing happened. He then tested Levin about his knowledge of Timberland boots. It quickly became clear that Levin knew more about Timbs than he did. He was a white guy down with black culture. Arthur, meanwhile, was a black kid with a curiosity about the white world. "He was like an anomaly to me," Arthur says. "And I was an anomaly to him."

But no amount of De La Soul or KRS-One was going to keep Arthur coming to school. Though nominally living in the Bronx, he was drawn to the streets of his native Brooklyn, where he ran what he calls "an unlicensed pharmaceutical." In the first half of 1994, the cops nabbed him for possession of heroin and selling crack, and that fall he was sent to Lakeview, a special brand of military prison that the National Institute of Justice described as employing "strict, military-style discipline, unquestioning obedience to orders, and highly structured days filled with drill and hard work."

Arthur says he did well during his seven months at Lakeview, but then he was out and back downstate, caught in familiar currents. At some point, he reconnected with Levin, who mentored his former student, though to hear Arthur tell it, they were more like friends. They played pool, drank beers, hit on girls. There was the time they walked from SoHo back up to Levin's apartment, bumming cigarettes along the way, and the time Arthur cock-blocked Levin with Amy, Levin's girlfriend. Arthur remembers all this as one might college escapades that involved a friend who couldn't make the 25th reunion.

Dwyer, Levin's colleague, recalls Arthur coming over to his house to watch a ballgame. He says Arthur was quiet and shy, the way kids often are around adults. Then again, Arthur was pretty much an adult himself. By the time he and Levin became friends, Arthur was long done with Taft. Dwyer points this out in defense of his slain colleague, who would later stand accused of getting too close to a student. Still, that won't assuage some who see little difference between student and former student. "It just seems inappropriate on a lot of different levels," education historian Diane Ravitch says of their friendship. "There's some lines you don't cross."

Killed by Modern Teaching?

"Jon could rap and he could write," says Dorothy Striplin, a retired educator who studied at NYU with Levin and got to know him well. "It wasn't like he was a white boy doing rap," by which she means his interest in rap wasn't of the ironic, half-mocking kind. As evidence of Levin's passion for the genre, Striplin showed me a three-page-long rap Levin wrote while at Oxford in the summer of 1994. Calling himself MC Jake (Jake was his nickname), he rapped:

An MC that can take me ain't been born yet
You see I'll make you laugh and I'll make you smile
Everyone out there wanna get with my style
Now I wanna tell you 'bout the rest of the crew
Recognize what I'm sayin' 'coz I'm a rhymin' Jew

Despite many references to hookups attempted and realized, as well as to the notoriously unpalatable cuisine of dear old England, the rap ends on a sentimental note free of the usual bluster:

The group was kind dope 'n' I'm kinda hopin'
That our hearts and our minds will always stay open

Much was made of Levin's affinity for rap after his murder, given that the culture war over gangsta rap was not yet quite over. Some saw in his approach a willingness to engage with the culture of the Bronx, but others saw it as pandering.

On June 25, 1997, El periodico de Wall Street published an op-ed by a former teacher named Sylvia Christoff Kurop. It was titled "Killed by Modern Teaching?"

His was the jeans and T-shirt approach to teaching, whereby "The Great Gatsby" was taught with references to rap music at chairs arranged in a circle.

The point of teaching is not to fuse personal relationships, but first and foremost to maintain a professional role. Mr. Levin's brave and open approach to his students certainly made a prominent, positive impact on his adoring students' lives. Yet in the end it took just one student&mdashonly one&mdashto highlight the extreme risks of this teaching style.

She comes close to saying what others doubtlessly thought: He got what he deserved.

Two weeks later, on July 7, the diario published several responses to the Kurop op-ed. One of them was signed by the English department of Taft:

Ms. Kurop is under the false impression that, in an effort to relate to his students, Mr. Levin lowered his classroom standards. This is absolutely untrue. One reason why Mr. Levin was such a successful teacher was that he continually held high expectations of his students and accepted nothing less than their best work. This is why they respected him.

Several other letters pointed out that Kurop taught only briefly, back when Dwight Eisenhower was in the White House. True enough, but she was not the only one to think harshly of Levin. los Noticias diarias called him "perhaps too trusting, too tenderhearted," and quoted a student: "People took advantage of him. Some kids would curse at him, but he would just laugh it off. Kids would ask to go to the bathroom and never go back to his class."

It must be said here that every teacher in New York City has had a student ask to go to the bathroom and not return. This is not the failing of a teacher it is the nature of a teenager.

Dwyer bristles at the suggestion that teachers like Levin were missionaries so zealous in achieving their social goals that they couldn't be bothered with the finer points of classroom practice. "It was a job," he says. "We were professionals, right? We weren't flying in and saving anybody."

'Elvis Was a Hero to Most, but He Never Meant Shit to Me'

Teachers occupy a strange place in American society, revered and reviled. It is a profession whose main benefit is widely believed to be summer vacation. I can report that this is indeed a great perk, though it doesn't quite make up for the many weekends grading five-paragraph essays on the theme of Antígona , of late afternoons, long after the final bell, trying to explain to some kid the ancient mysteries of the semicolon.

Once, while we were all sleepily preparing for first period, a kid from Bensonhurst climbed out on the scaffolding and threatened to jump. A teacher of Latin coaxed him down.

Another time, a former colleague called to say a student had been killed while walking home from a party in Bed-Stuy. Some jealous punk slashed her in the neck, and she bled out on the street. Her name was Kyanna Thomas. She was a good kid. They were all good kids.

Once, I read my students the great epigrams of the Roman poet Martial. Here is one:

Your lover and your spouse agree on this:
That baby that you got cannot be his

Is that any different than having your students parse Public Enemy, as Levin's may have? Is a classroom full of teenagers expending their fullest intellectual energies on decoding an epigram by Martial in any way different from a classroom full of teenagers expending their fullest intellectual energies on decoding "Fight the Power"?

I am suspicious of anyone who can confidently answer that question.

A Big Red X Over the Whole Thing

On the first floor of what used to be Taft is the Jonathan Levin High School for Media and Communications. The principal, Jacqueline Boswell, never answered my phone calls or emails (she must have sensed I wasn't coming to do a puff piece), so I simply went on my own, slipping past security without any questions at all. It is a despairing fact of life in modern America that being a crisply dressed white male will open almost any door.

Jonathan Levin High has the joyful, claustrophobic chaos of any urban high school. The teachers look harried the secretaries look bored. Some kid told me he liked my tie, and I had the urge to play the teacher again and ask him why he was tarrying in the hallway.

In a display case near the principal's office, there are several photographs of Levin, with his mother, his friends, always happy. An explanatory note calls him "Jonathan Levin HS," as if "high school" were a professional appellation like "doctor of philosophy." The poorly written paragraph, which is single-spaced but becomes double-spaced in the final lines, praises his "passionate devotion and professional commitment." It doesn't mention that he was murdered, though that is the sole reason the school bears his name. If I were still an English teacher, I would put a big red X over the whole thing and tell whoever wrote the unfortunate passage that it constituted an atrocity committed upon the English language.

That's how I spoke to my students. Most of them liked it.

Jonathan Levin High will soon be no more. When the closure was first announced, Los New York Times reported on what ailed the misbegotten place:

Money for a college scholarship in Mr. Levin's name dried up. A ball field that a Mets official helped pay for fell into disrepair. Computers sat untouched, applications to the school fell and the graduation rate sank to 31 percent, the fifth-lowest in the city.

One of the people who rallied against the closing was Levin's mother, Carol. She had, in the wake of his death, become a teacher in the Bronx, a parent venturing into the battlefield that claimed her son. "If I didn't try this, I really felt I'd just be taking up space," she told Buen cuidado de casa for a 2000 profile. "Me and my pain, taking up space on this earth." That sounds, to me, like something Aeschylus might have written.

Gerald Levin did not become a teacher, but he did not stay a media mogul either. His company's 2001 merger with AOL is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in the history of corporate America. In 2002, he met Dr. Laurie Perlman, a psychic who communed with the dead. She told him she spoke with his son. He believed her. He left his second wife and moved to Santa Monica with Perlman, where they opened Moonview Sanctuary, which looks to be one of those places where rich people come to purchase the illusion of serenity.

When there were mass protests over the police killings of black men in Ferguson, Missouri, and New York's Staten Island, the Levins wrote a column for Deadline Hollywood. "We are in a never-ending cycle of chaos and death," they said. "Even if we must scratch and claw ourselves to get into the light, we must begin fully to comprehend the intransigence of old patterns."

This too deserves the big red X.

Jonathan Levin, for his part, would have probably taken his students to Staten Island, to stand at the spot where Eric Garner died and chant, "Black lives matter." And in the classroom, he might have played N.W.A's "Fuck tha Police," and the students would have talked about what that song meant, and about Birmingham, the Watts Riots, Ferguson and what those events said about us and about our country, sometimes glorious but frequently tragic.

'It's Always the Good People'

In about six years, Arthur will appear before the parole board. He has a decent disciplinary record and has earned certificates in trades like woodworking and metalworking, which could presumably be useful in the real world. He is especially proud of his legal research certificate. He is an AIDS counselor. As a former English teacher, I am happy to certify that his letters, composed with no apparent help, show a good-to-excellent command of grammatical rules.

Arthur has also shown the contrition expected of him by the state. His displays of regret are genuine, though they may also have a practical purpose (i.e., the eventual appearance before the parole board). In 2010, he asked the Manhattan district attorney to allow him to send a letter to Levin's parents. Levin's father accepted the offer his mother refused it. "Sir, I did you and your family a terrible injustice," the letter says. "Not a day passes that its crushing impact isn't impressed upon me."

But neither in that letter nor in any of our conversations does Arthur say the thing I am confident he will have to say if he wants to leave prison: I killed Jonathan Levin. Arthur does not want to talk to me about what happened on May 30, 1997, except to say this: "When I left Jonathan Levin, he was alive." Despite his circumspection, Arthur does have a narrative that challenges the one offered up by prosecutors. "[Levin] did something he shouldn't have done with someone he shouldn't have done it with," he says. During his trial, Arthur's lawyers argued that Arthur and Levin were smoking crack when assailants entered the apartment and ordered Arthur to bind him. Arthur now says he never smoked crack, neither that evening nor on any other occasion the notion of Levin smoking crack is equally ludicrous to him today. As far as I understand it, Arthur maintains that other men murdered Levin, with him acting only as an accomplice. But no such assailants were ever identified, while forensic evidence (blood on Arthur's clothes, fingerprints at the crime scene) proved convincing enough for the jury. The .22-caliber gun Arthur supposedly used was never found, but this turned out to be a surprisingly irrelevant detail.

I ask him to tell me about the real killers, but he refuses, citing the safety of his family and the code of the streets. "This is not my story alone to tell," he tells me in one letter. "I have every intention of giving full disclosure to the parole board when I appear before them. But other than that, my hands are tied."

When Arthur entered Levin's apartment that evening, with him was Montoun Hart, the small-time criminal from Brooklyn who says he came along without quite knowing what he was getting into. Later, Hart would sign his 11-page confession that portrayed him as an unwitting accomplice in the murder, which he'd had no idea Arthur planned to commit. He was acquitted of all charges partly because he claimed to be high and drunk when signing that confession. If that's the case, then can anything about his description of that night be believed?

Another question for which I don't have an answer.

"It's always the good people," Hart says of Levin, talking with me over the phone for the first time after I have told him of my interest in the case. This sounds disingenuous, like some lugubrious thing he has heard in a movie and saved for moments just like this.

Hart still lives in Brooklyn his Facebook page is rife with allusions to the Crips, though for Hart the C's are more a club for middle-aged dudes from Bed-Stuy than an active criminal gang. I met him and a friend named Skeet for drinks near the Barclays Center in Brooklyn. They were about two hours late. Skeet immediately started hitting on a middle-aged blonde, with no success. Hart disavowed all responsibility for what happened on May 30, 1997, spun a wild and increasingly unbelievable story of his life, then asked for money for an on-the-record interview. I paid for the drinks and never talked to him again.

Arthur and I speak by phone about once a week. He calls me when I am on a jog. He calls as I am plodding through The Cat in the Hat for the sixth time. He calls when I am in the hospital with my wife, who has just given birth to our second child. "Corey," I mouth to her. She understands: They don't really let you play phone tag from a maximum security prison. And I am going to keep talking to Arthur, not because I have any profound humanitarian impulse but because it would be cruel to take the story but leave the man, like a teacher walking out in the middle of a class.

I am certain about this: It would have been so much easier for Levin if he had just stayed in Manhattan, selling travel insurance. Such a life could be a good one, but it was not the life he sought to live. The Bronx beckoned, a battlefield where the glories are rare and muted, the defeats frequent and resounding. Nothing would be easy in the Bronx, but Levin had tired of easy things. So when the Bronx called, he went.


History & Quotes

In 1880, the first public pay telephone began operation in New Haven, Conn.

In 1958, Charles de Gaulle became prime minister of France with emergency powers amid the collapse of the Fourth Republic. He was elected president of France at the end of the year amid the rise of the Fifth Republic.

En 1962, Israel ahorcó a Adolf Eichmann por su participación en el asesinato de 6 millones de judíos por la Alemania nazi en la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

In 1964, the U.S. Supreme Court banned prayers and Bible teaching in public schools on the constitutional grounds of separation of church and state.

In 1968, Helen Keller, a world-renowned author and lecturer despite being blind and deaf from infancy, died in Westport, Conn., at the age of 87.

In 1973, Prime Minister George Papadopoulos abolished the Greek monarchy and proclaimed Greece a republic with himself as president.

In 1980, the Cable News Network -- CNN -- TV's first all-news service, went on the air.

In 1993, President Jorge Serrano Elias of Guatemala was ousted by the military.

In 1997, Betty Shabazz, Malcolm X's widow, sustained injuries when her 12-year-old grandson, Malcolm Shabazz, set fire to her apartment. She died nearly a month later.

In 1997, teacher Jonathan Levin, the son of Time Warner's then-chairman, Gerald Levin, was tortured and killed by a former student who knew him to be wealthy and was seeking money. The student, Corey Arthur, was found guilty of second-degree murder and sentenced to 25 years to life in prison. His alleged accomplice, Montoun Hart, was acquitted despite a signed, 11-page confession.

In 2008, a fire at Universal Studios Hollywood burned two city blocks and destroyed iconic movie sets, including those from When Harry Met Sally, The Sting and Back to the Future.

In 2009, Air France Flight 447 from Rio de Janeiro to Paris plunged into the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 228 people on board.

In 2015, the Eastern Star, a passenger ship traveling along the Yangtze River from the eastern city of Nanjing, flipped during a violent storm, killing approximately 400 people.

In 2019, an early penalty goal by Mohamed Salah and a strike in the final minutes by substitute Divock Origi gave Liverpool a 2-0 win over Tottenham Hotspur in the Champions League final.


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Comentarios:

  1. Kosumi

    Pido disculpas, pero, en mi opinión, no tienes razón. Estoy seguro. Vamos a discutir. Escríbeme en PM.

  2. Saadya

    Este mensaje, es incomparable))), me resulta interesante :)

  3. Marg

    ¡Cómo no podría ser mejor!



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